Nelson Mandela was born in 1918. He was a South African revolutionary politician. In 1962 he was arrested and convicted o conspiracy to overthrow the State. He was sentenced to life imprisonment.
Mandela served over 27 years in prison. He was a popular figure with great status among black South Africans. He served as president of South Africa from 1994 to 1999.
He was the first black South African to hold the office and the first elected in a fully representative democratic election. He also received international acclaim. He received the Nobel Peace Prize. Nelson Mandela died on 5 December 2013.